Frequently Asked Questions
What is Core Portfolios?
Core Portfolios is an advisory program professionally managed by Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC (otherwise known as “Morgan Stanley Wealth Management” or “MSWM”) offered through an interactive digital platform, E*TRADE from Morgan Stanley. Our team of investment advisory professionals paired with our systematic trading technology will take care of your day-to day investing.
Aligned with the discretionary authority you grant us, we will build a diversified portfolio with investments composed of ETFs that are handpicked by our team of financial advisory experts and that seek to provide optimal returns based on your investment goals, liquidity needs, time horizon, risk tolerance and investment restrictions (if any). Our advanced technology then monitors and automatically updates your portfolio to keep your goals on track1.
What is the minimum initial investment for a Core Portfolios account?
To participate in the program and for your account to begin to be actively managed, you must deposit and maintain an investment amount of $500, except as may otherwise be agreed to by MSWM at its sole discretion. If investments in the account fall below $450 due to market fluctuations, we will continue managing your account. However, if the investments amount fall below $450 due to withdrawal, MSWM will discontinue managing your assets until the minimum amount is met and may require that you close your account. You have the option to open a brokerage account or other investment advisory account in other investment advisory programs offered by MSWM and transfer your assets to that account.
Which account types are eligible for Core Portfolios?
Most retail E*TRADE Securities brokerage and retirement accounts with a US address can enroll in Core Portfolios. Eligible accounts include:
- Rollover IRA
- Traditional IRA
- Roth IRA
Please note the program is not available for trusts, charitable organizations, corporations, institutional and business accounts.
Can I select a different portfolio than the one recommended?
Yes. You have the ability to select a portfolio with more or less risk than the recommended portfolio. If your financial situation or goals change, you can update your investor profile with ease online at any time. Changes that result in an updated risk profile will automatically trigger reallocation of the portfolio. Reallocation of assets may have tax consequences.
Your portfolio will rebalance based on new recommendation (when you make a change). Your account will rebalance only after you review and attest to new allocation.
What are some key features of Core Portfolios?
- Access to a dedicated Core Portfolios Support Team who can help answer your questions.
- A portfolio of tax-sensitive ETFs available to those clients with taxable accounts.
- The option to customize a portion of the portfolio by selecting either a socially responsible (SRI or ESG) or smart beta ETFs.
- An open architecture approach by which the Global Investment Office chooses a carefully curated selection of 3rd party ETFs that align with our best execution practices.
How much does Core Portfolios cost?
The Annual Advisory Fee is 0.30% and is the direct fee charged to any client in the advisory program. The advisory fee does not cover underlying management fees and expenses of any ETF investment held in the portfolio. The fee is charged in advance each month, based on the previous month’s ending balance. For example, an account with an ending balance of $50,000 for the month will be charged $12.50 at the start of the following month. The fee is automatically deducted from the cash position in the account. If there is no cash available in the account, the securities will be liquidated to cover the fee amount.
Account Opening & Funding
How do I get started?
Answer a short series of questions about your investment objectives, time horizon, and risk tolerance that will help us make an investment recommendation.
Step 2: Customize your portfolio
You can further personalize your portfolio with additional investment strategies like socially responsible (SRI and ESG) and smart beta ETF investments.
Step 3: Review your recommended portfolio
We will then present you with an investment proposal in which we recommend an investment strategy based on the results of your investor profile questionnaire. You may choose to accept our recommendation or select a different investment strategy for your account by retaking the investor profile questionnaire. You will have to attest to your new investment objective and risk tolerance needs to align with the new portfolio you chose.
Step 4: Implement your plan
Open and fund your Core Portfolios account.
How do I fund my Core Portfolios account?
New clients (External transfer)
You can fund your account by making a cash deposit or transferring securities. Securities transferred to fund an account will generally be liquidated upon receipt. We can accept certain types of securities for deposit at our discretion. Please note that this could result in a taxable event.
Existing clients (Internal transfer)
You can fund your account using cash or existing securities. Securities transferred to fund an account will generally be liquidated upon receipt. We can accept certain types of securities for deposit at our discretion. The intra-firm transfer tool on the Move Money page will allow you to easily transfer a portion or the full value of an existing account into a new Core Portfolios account. As an added benefit, all transactions will be processed commission-free and the proceeds will be used to fund your recommended portfolio. Please note that this could result in a taxable event.
Can I convert my existing E*TRADE Securities account into a new Core Portfolios account?
You can convert any eligible E*TRADE Securities account into a new Core Portfolios account. Account eligible for conversion include:
- Individual and joint brokerage account
- Custodial accounts
- Traditional or Roth IRA
- IRA for Minors
- Beneficiary IRA
- Individual or Roth Individual 401(k)
- Rollover IRA
- SEP or SIMPLE IRA
- Profit-Sharing Plan or Money Purchase Plan
- Investment-Only Retirement Plan
Can I move my 401(k) with a former employer into Core Portfolios?
You generally have four potential options for your qualified retirement plans from former employers. You can:
- Leave your assets in your former employer’s plan, if permitted;
- Roll over your retirement savings into your new employer’s qualified plan, if one is available and if rollovers are permitted;
- Roll over the retirement savings into an individual retirement account (IRA); or
- Cash out and take a lump sum distribution from the plan. This would be subject to mandatory 20 percent federal tax withholding, as well as potential income taxes and a 10 percent penalty tax.
Read FINRA’s Investor Alert: The IRA Rollover: 10 Tips to Making a Sound Decision and find out the costs and features of your previous and current employers’ plans before making a decision. If you’re not sure which avenue might make the most sense for your situation, it can be a good idea to consult with a legal professional or a tax advisor.
Additionally, in considering whether a client advisory account is right for you, please consider the following among other factors:
- Your desire for an enhanced type of service.
- Your prior and/or current level of involvement in making and/or participating in investment decisions.
- Your prior, current and/or anticipated level of investment activity.
- The volume of investments in the account that are ineligible for transition to an advisory program (including current investments).
- The anticipated volume of investments in the account.
- The existence of firm, financial adviser and/or third-party manager discretion (if applicable)
- Changes in the manner in which fees and expenses will be calculated
- Your desire to be charged an asset-based fee
- The difference between a brokerage and an advisory account
It is very important that you understand the differences between advisory and brokerage services, including the manner in which you pay us for these services. You must attest and acknowledge within the Single Advisory Contract (“SAC”) that you understand the differences between Brokerage and Advisory (e.g., pricing differences, trading authority, etc.). Please refer to this explanatory document for more information: understandingyourrelationship.pdf (morganstanley.com). For subsequent transitions from Brokerage to Advisory, or new Advisory account openings, clients are directed to the current SAC and the Important Account Information booklet, which govern each of the subsequent Advisory accounts opened and describe the services offered in both Brokerage and Investment Advisory relationships.
How do I move my 401(k) with a former employer into Core Portfolios?
If, after carefully considering your options discussed in the prior question above and discussing with your legal and tax advisors, you believe that an IRA is right for you, please continue with the following steps for IRA rollover process and account setup:
Answer a brief series of questions to get a recommended portfolio based on your timeline and attitude towards risk.
Step 2: Open a Core Portfolios IRA account
Fill out your information and select a retirement account (Rollover IRA, Traditional IRA or Roth IRA) when you reach the step where you choose an account type.
Please note: If your old plan is a Traditional 401(k), select a Core Portfolios Rollover IRA or Traditional IRA. If you want to roll over a Roth 401(k), select Core Portfolios Roth IRA.
Step 3: Transfer assets to your Core Portfolios IRA
You can fund your account by making a cash deposit or transferring securities. As an added benefit, all transactions will be processed commission-free and the proceeds will be used to fund your recommended portfolio. Please note, this could result in a taxable event.
Can E*TRADE stock plan assets be used to open a Core Portfolios account?
Clients can open a new Core Portfolios account and request to transfer vested unrestricted shares from their stock plan account into their Core Portfolios account, subject to any limitations set forth in the account.
Please note: Shares held in an E*TRADE Securities stock plan account may be subject to certain sale and/or transfer restrictions and may be ineligible to be used to fund an account for the Core Portfolios Program. Please consult a stock plan administrator regarding eligibility of certain holdings.
What happens after enrolling
Once you open a Core Portfolios account, you will need to fund your account with at least $500. Once funded, all the investments are typically made within three business days. You'll receive a consolidated confirmation statement letting you know when we make trades on your behalf.
Your account is monitored daily and automatically rebalanced to maintain the appropriate asset allocation aligned with the investment strategy you have selected, if your portfolio drifts too far, generally 5%, from the weighted percentage of the portfolio’s target asset allocation or when material deposits and withdrawals are made. We will also provide you online statements with information on your holdings, any trades we made in your account, dividends you may have received, and other account activity.
How can I track my account performance?
You can view the details of your portfolio, track performance and see how it compares to leading market benchmarks 24/7 through the online dashboard at etrade.com and via the E*TRADE app. In addition, we will send monthly market commentary, along with timely insights during major market events, to help keep you stay informed about your investments and the market.
After I fund my account, how long will it take to start investing?
Once you fund a minimum of $500, you can expect to see the initial portfolio holdings purchased within two to three business days of accepting the Advisory Agreement. Additional deposits into the Core Portfolios account are also invested within two to three business days.
Can I set up a recurring deposit?
Yes, this feature is available. You can use the online Transfer Money service to set up recurring deposits into your account based on the amount and schedule that works for you. Deposits will be invested automatically into your Core Portfolios account and can help build assets without any further steps on your end.
Can I add more funds or make a partial withdrawal from my account?
Yes, you can deposit or withdraw cash from your account at any time by logging on and selecting "Add/remove funds." If you need additional cash, we will strategically sell investments from across the portfolio in an effort to maintain the portfolio's target allocation. Please note that this could result in a taxable event and buying and selling in your account could impact portfolio performance.
What is the minimum amount that I must maintain in the account?
The minimum investment amount to maintain the account is $450. If the account balance falls below $450 due to market fluctuations, we will continue to manage your account, however if the account balance falls below the minimum amount due to withdrawals, we will discontinue managing the account until the investment minimum is met. Since it is hard to maintain an adequately diversified Core Portfolios if the account balance is less than the initial portfolio minimum, we may not rebalance the account back to your target allocation. MSWM will discontinue managing your assets and may require that you close your account. You have the option to open a brokerage account or other investment advisory account in other investment advisory programs offered by MSWM and transfer your assets to that account.
What is the investing approach of MSWM?
MSSB follows a disciplined investment strategy based on principles of Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT). MPT is a widely utilized framework for building diversified investment portfolios. The underlying philosophy of MPT is to contrast a portfolio with a combination of asset classes (e.g., US equity, international equity, fixed income) based on the expected returns and volatility that these asset classes have displayed over time.
Combining different asset classes may help limit risk and increase returns of the investment portfolio as the classes have varying levels of correlation to one other. Many of the assumptions made in MPT rely on historical data, which may not be representative of the future, potentially leading to unexpected outcomes. All portfolio holdings will be selected by E*TRADE Capital Management's investment strategy team based on multi-stage due diligence by Global Investment Committee.
Why is Core Portfolios made up of ETFs?
ETFs are typically not actively managed, so they tend to have lower internal operating costs than traditional mutual funds. The bottom line: An all-ETF portfolio may offer an efficient way to achieve broad diversification at a lower cost as compared to other forms of investment. In addition, we also offer tax-sensitive ETF portfolios for each investor profile. This has the benefit that it can help minimize the taxes of a portfolio in a taxable account.
How are investments managed?
Here’s how the investments are managed:
- The Investment Solutions Investment Committee (ISIC) utilizes. an investment analysis methodology that incorporates various quantitative criteria, including historical return, risk, expenses, manager tenure, performance and style consistency, and asset size and growth, to select securities held in the investment portfolios.
- MSSB uses a systematic algorithm to determine your recommended portfolio of ETFs based on answers to your Investor Profile Questionnaire. The goal is to select the appropriate investment portfolio based on an investor’s investment objectives risk tolerance, and time horizon.
- Core Portfolios is checked daily for opportunities to rebalance. If your portfolio drifts too far, generally by 5% or more, from your target allocation and when material deposits or withdrawals are made, our portfolio management team will automatically rebalance your investments to help keep the account on track.
- Access to a dedicated support team is just a phone call away. For any questions about the Core Portfolios program, please call the Core Portfolios support team available weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 8:30 p.m. ET at 1(866)-484-3658.
For additional information, please see the MS Core Portfolios ADV Brochure.
What criteria do you use to select investments for a portfolio?
For each asset class (such as equities or fixed income), MSSB selects investment holdings that, when combined in broad-based asset allocation strategies, seek to provide a high level of return potential for a given level of risk over the long term, generally three years or longer. That’s called risk-adjusted return potential.
Each investment selection is made by analyzing a spectrum of key data points, including but not limited to historical performance, expenses, tracking error, and liquidity. MSSB leverages the work of the Morgan Stanley Global Investment Managers Analysis group in creating opinions on ETFs held in your Core Portfolios account. Portfolio holdings are monitored regularly and replaced as necessary.
How does MSSB choose which investments to sell when a client withdraws funds?
We first seek to use the cash balance in the account to satisfy the withdrawal. Then, if the client needs additional cash, we strategically sell investments from across the portfolio in an effort to maintain the portfolio’s target asset allocation.
What is portfolio rebalancing?
When markets fluctuate, it’s easy for your portfolio to drift from its original target allocation. That’s why we monitor your Core Portfolios account daily to see if it needs to be rebalanced. Whenever the investments in your portfolio drift too far, generally by 5% or more, from the weighted percentage of the portfolio’s target asset allocation, our portfolio management team will automatically rebalance your investments to maintain the appropriate risk level aligned with the Investment Strategy that you have selected. Read our educational article to learn more about portfolio rebalancing and how it can benefit you.
How much cash is in my account?
Generally, some portion of a client’s portfolio will be held in cash. Uninvested cash balances are invested daily in a money market mutual fund, Bank Deposit Program. The Sweep Option is subject to change at any time without notice, and such future changes could include the use of bank sweep deposit programs available through affiliates of Morgan Stanley or its proprietary money market mutual funds2.
Portfolio Options & Account Features
How can I further personalize my Core Portfolios account?
Once you have selected your portfolio, you can further customize your strategy based on your investing preferences.
Core Portfolios (Smart Beta): Want a more active portfolio strategy? We’ll allocate a portion of your assets to a smart beta ETF – a type of ETF that favors equities with certain characteristics which may help enhance your overall returns. Factors, or specific characteristics of stocks that have performed well historically, are utilized to select stocks. This strategy also combines elements of active and index investing.
These strategies seek to outperform a benchmark index and typically aim to enhance returns or minimize risk relative to a traditional market-capitalization-weighted benchmark. An ETF employing a smart beta strategy may have higher portfolio turnover which may indicate higher transactions costs relative to its benchmark. Utilizing smart beta strategies does not guarantee against underperformance relative to a more traditional market-capitalization-weighted benchmark.
Core Portfolios (Socially Responsible): Looking to align your investing with your personal values? We’ll adjust your portfolio to include an ETF that focuses on companies known for their environmental, social, and governance practices. Socially responsible ETFs invest to a specific mandate, including incorporating SRI criteria into investment analysis; screening for companies that adhere to environmental, social, or governance standards; or fixed income ETFs focused on community impact securities.
SRI strategies may eliminate or limit exposure to investments in certain industries or companies that do not meet certain environmental, social, or governance criteria. As a result, the ETF may underperform other funds or an appropriate benchmark that do not have an SRI focus.
Does Core Portfolios offer cash management features, such as free checking?
Core Portfolios is managed with a long-term perspective in mind. Frequent cash withdrawals might make the portfolio difficult to manage and cause it to deviate from its objectives. To avoid this problem, Core Portfolios doesn’t offer features such as check writing, debit cards, and Bill Pay. However, we don’t want to stand between clients and their cash. If you need to make a withdrawal select “Withdrawal” under “Move Money” tab on your account dashboard and follow the instructions. Customer Service can be reached anytime at 866-484-3658 for any questions. You can also transfer money online to another account and withdraw it from there.
Can self-directed trades be placed in a Core Portfolios account?
No, Core Portfolios is designed for investors who want ongoing help and professional guidance to manage their account. Please keep in mind, Core Portfolios is a discretionary program and only MSSB can place trades in a Core Portfolios account. Of course, if investors would like to do some investing and trading on their own, they can open a MSSB self-directed brokerage account at any time.
Do you provide help with tax reporting?
We provide resources like the E*TRADE Tax Center to help you understand how your investments may be taxed. All taxable account activity will be reported on the annual IRS Form 1099, which is typically available in February of each year. We encourage you to contact your tax advisor for any tax reporting questions.
What tax-efficiency features are offered by Core Portfolios?
Tax-sensitive investment strategy is available in Core Portfolios account.
Tax-sensitive investment strategy utilizes municipal bond ETFs that may help reduce taxes incurred on interest and dividends associated with those portfolios. All brokerage accounts are automatically enrolled in a tax-sensitive portfolio. Once enrolled in Core Portfolios, you can update this feature at any time. IRAs and other tax-advantaged account types are also eligible for Core Portfolios.