IRA for Minors

A retirement account for children under 18 with earned income

up to $5,500/year

annual contributions, or 100% of compensation, whichever is less

4.8M

16–19 year olds are employed in the US2

Head start on retirement - image

Eligibility information

Eligible participants are under age 18 and must have earned income for the tax year in which a contribution is made

Tax- deferred earnings - image

Tax-deferred earnings

Earnings are tax-deferred, which may allow for assets to accumulate more quickly than in a taxable account

No annual IRA fees and no account minimums - image

No annual IRA fees and no account minimums

Transaction fees, fund expenses, brokerage commissions, and service fees may apply

Full Range of Investment Choices - image

Full range of investment choices

Choose from a wide range of stocks, bonds, options, mutual funds, and ETFs

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IRA for Minors FAQs

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What are the eligibility requirements for IRA for Minors?

  • Eligible participants are under age 18
  • The minor must have earned income for the tax year in which a contribution is made
  • A custodian (parent or legal guardian) establishes, trades, and maintains the account for the benefit of the minor. Only one custodian is allowed per account.
  • The minor must be a US citizen or resident
  • IRAs for Minors must be established by the tax filing deadline (without extensions) for the tax year to which the qualifying contribution(s) will apply. This date is generally April 15 of each year. Applications postmarked by this date will be accepted.

 

Can an individual open an IRA for his or her child?

Yes. If the child is under age 18 and has earned income. The IRA for Minors account is opened by the minor's custodian (parent or legal guardian) who must sign the application. Additional requirements are the minor must be a U.S. citizen or resident with a valid U.S. address.

How much can a child contribute to his or her IRA?

The current IRA contribution limit is 100% of earned income, or $5,500, whichever is less.

Can an investor set up recurring contributions to a child’s IRA?

Yes, recurring contributions can be set up to a child’s IRA, up to the annual maximum contribution limit.

Can a child deduct a Traditional IRA contribution?

Determining if a child can deduct all or part of Traditional IRA contribution is based on various factors. To determine the exact amount of your child’s contribution that can be deducted, consider using the IRA Selector or view IRA Contribution Limits and Deadlines to learn more. 

Are there any fees for a child’s IRA?

There are no annual IRA fees and no account minimums for E*TRADE IRA accounts. Transaction fees, fund expenses, brokerage commissions, and service fees may apply.